Acoustics Facilities at BYU
There are several physical facilities available on campus at BYU for acoustics and structural dynamics research. There is an anechoic chamber that simulates free-field radiation conditions. The chamber has working dimensions of 8.71 x 5.66 x 5.74 m, and is anechoic down to approximately 80 Hz. In addition, an automated, rotating (by stepper motor), measurement boom in the chamber has been built that allows the acquisition of global radiation data from a source with 13 precision microphones. This provides the capability of measuring both the directivity function and the radiated acoustic power associated with a source. Additionally there is an automated microphone positioning system in the chamber that can move to any X and Y position in the chamber to provide scanning capabilities (the vertical Z direction motion controller is under construction).
BYU's Large Anechoic Chamber
In addition to the large anechoic chamber, BYU also has a smaller anechoic chamber with working dimensions of 3.00 x 2.38 x 2.59 m. This chamber is anechoic down to 150 Hz but is also anechoic in the ultrasonic frequency range as well (whereas the large chamber's high frequency anechoic cutoff is around 20 kHz, due to the perforated metal covering on the wedges).
BYU's Small Anechoic Chamber
There is an additional chamber that has variable acoustic properties, such that various acoustic conditions can be established in the enclosure. The working dimensions of this room are 3.57 x 2.88 x 2.59 m.
BYU's Variable Acoustics Chamber
Furthermore, two new reverberation chambers have recently been constructed. The large chamber is 4.96 x 5.89 x 6.98 m (204 cubic meters) and the small chamber is approximately 5.69 x 4.32 x 2.49 m (61 cubic meters). These rooms are adjacent to each other and are acoustically coupled through a variable test panel (dimensions 2.44 x 3.05 m) to allow transmission loss testing.
BYU's Large Reverberation Chamber and Variable Test Panel
There are a number of resources available for performing the numerical analysis involved with projects. The software packages SysNoise, VitrualLab, IDEAS, CATT, EASE/EARS, Fluent, and FIDAP are available. Other fairly standard software packages, such as MATLAB and LabView are also available. The research group has direct access to several PCs, and SGI workstations. Furthermore, BYU has one of the largest university owned supercomputing facilities, being ranked in the top five nationally. These supercomputers can run the SysNoise, IDEAS, and Fluent packages when needed, to take advantage of the parallel processing capabilities and faster computation times.
General purpose hardware, such as microphones, loudspeakers, signal filters, and amplifiers are also available to assist in the research. Multi-channel dynamic signal analyzers are available for general purpose measurements. Specialty analyzers are available for transducer and room acoustics measurements. A computer-controlled turntable may be used to rotate booms, sources, sensors, or arrays within chambers if required. An acoustic intensity probe is available for determining acoustic intensity in a sound field. General purpose hardware such as microphones, accelerometers, loudspeakers, shakers, and so forth are also available. A scanning laser Doppler vibrometer (SLDV) is available for noncontact structural vibration measurements.
Partial Listing of BYU Acoustical Equipment and Facilities
- Large anechoic chamber (8.71 x 5.66 x 5.74 m working dimensions), anechoic down to approximately 80 Hz.
- Small anechoic chamber (3.00 x 2.38 x 2.59 m working dimensions), anechoic down to approximately 150 Hz (has ultrasonic capabilities).
- Large 204 m3 reverberation chamber (4.96 x 5.89 x 6.98 m working dimensions).
- Small 60 m3 reverberation chamber
- Data Physics SignalCalc 620 56 channel dynamic signal analyzer based on the Agilent VXI platform.
- National Instruments PXI 36-channel data acquisition system.
- National Instruments USB-6259 16 channel data acquisition system.
- Hewlett-Packard HP35670A 4 channel dynamic signal analyzer.
- Hewlett-Packard HP35670A 2 channel dynamic signal analyzer.
- SDA EASERA 2 or 8 channel analyzer.
- DRA MLSSA analyzer.
- Gold Line TEF 20 analyzer.
- SIA SMAART PC-based analyzer.
- Larson-Davis 2900B real-time analyzer.
- Three Larson-Davis 824-2541 type 1 sound level meter/real-time analyzers.
- Over 70 type 1 precision microphones (1/8", 1/4", 1/2" and 1") with preamps and power supplies (Larson Davis, G.R.A.S., Bruel and Kjaer).
- Several directional condenser and dynamic microphones.
- Larson Davis intensity probe.
- Several prototype probes for energy density and other measurements.
- Knowles KEMAR binaural dummy head.
- Several PCB accelerometers.
- PCB impact hammer kit.
- Several powered and unpowered full-range loudspeakers, subwoofers, compression drivers, horns, etc.
- Several LDS electro-mechanical shakers.
- Several studio-grade headphones.
- Several "omnidirectional" regular polyhedral loudspeakers (RPLs), e.g., tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron sources.
- Several instrumentation-grade signal filters.
- Several instrumentation-grade signal amplifiers.
- Computer-controlled mixers with on-board DSPs.
- Several ICP power supplies and signal conditioners.
- Several phantom to ICP power converters.
- Several power amplifiers.
- Digidesign DIGI 002 production system.
- Several digital signal processing (DSP) system boards with associated multichannel I/O and software.
- Several analog and digitizing oscilloscopes.
- Other miscellaneous devices, including arbitrary waveform generators, frequency counters, multimeters, etc.
- Several desktop PCï¿½s and PC workstations.
- Several laptop PCï¿½s.
- Full access to BYU supercomputing facilities.
- Fundamental mathematics packages (MATLAB, Maple, Mathcad, etc.).
- LMS SYSNOISE Virtual.Lab Acoustics (acoustic finite element method and boundary element method).
- ADA EASE/EARS/AURA (Acoustic ray tracing method, image source method, auralization).
- CATT Acoustics (Acoustic ray tracing method, image source method, auralization).
- ANSYS computational analysis tools.
- FLUENT computational fluid dynamics package.
- Digidesign Pro Tools LE system with various plug-in modules.
- Several CAD packages.
- Several PC-based data recording, editing, analysis and manipulation programs.
- Polytec PSV 400 Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometer (SLDV) system.
- Computer-controlled microphone positioning system for large anechoic chamber.
- Computer-controlled semicircular microphone array for large anechoic chamber.
- Computer-controlled turntable.
- Source directivity measurement arrays.
- Several impedance tubes.
- Shock-wave tube for nonlinear acoustics measurements.
- Manual Cartesian-axis directional microphone positioning system.
- Spherical coordinate laser positioning system .
- Several portable meteorological stations for indoor and outdoor sound measurements.
- Two wind tunnels.
- Optically based vibration measurement systems (Moire and electro-optic holography).