The last question on the test will be:
We studied the following sections of the Doctrine and Covenants since the
102, 111-112, 114-115, 117-32, 133-136, OD1. You may also use the King
Write one page about any section of your choice. Discuss the historical
background and the the important doctrinal themes of the section.
The Fall of Kirtland
a. The First Presidency personally assumed almost $100,000 in debt in behalf of the Church
2. Kirtland Safety Society
b. Wages for a common laborer were about $1 a day
a. Assets were in land. Land speculation inflated values.
b. Denied a charter by the Ohio legislature.
c. Began business in Jan. 1837 as the "Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking
d. Joseph Smith was the President and Sidney Rigdon the Treasurer. The Church encouraged support of the bank.
e. Six weeks later, a run on the bank depleted its entire cash assets.
f. The Panic of 1837 ensued in spring 1837 when the U.S. Government demanded land payment in specie (silver and gold). Land values plummeted,
banks folded, and a depression resulted.
f. Kirtland notes were accepted only by some (not all ) Mormons.
As conditions worsened, Oliver Cowdery and Warren Parrish took over the bank's
a. One faction considered Joseph Smith to be responsible for the bank and to be a fallen prophet. They sought to install David Whitmer in his stead.
b. Another faction backed the prophet and accused Oliver Cowdery and Warren Parrish of counterfeiting and embezzlement.
c. People were offended when their integrity was challenged and tempers flared, even in meetings in the temple.
d. Joseph Smith was told that his life was in danger and he fled to Missouri with Emma and Sidney Rigdon.
The Missouri War
a. The Presidency of Zion (David Whitmer, W.W. Phelps, and John Whitmer) were removed from office by the High Council. The issues were primarily the selling of land in Zion contrary to revelation, and making a profit in reselling land in Caldwell County.
2. Conflict Erupts
b. Oliver Cowdery lost trust in Joseph Smith over the issue of polygamy. The financial trouble in Kirtland augmented the problem. He moved to
Far West and instigated "vexatious lawsuits" to collect unpaid debts.
c. The dissenters were excommunicated, but remained in Far West until Sidney Rigdon's "Salt Sermon," after which a petition called for their removal and threats were made on their lives.
d. The dissenters left to Richmond and their stories aroused fear and suspicion.
a. Joseph Smith established settlements in Davies County (Adam-ondi-Ahman) and in Carroll County (DeWitt). This was viewed as a violation of the agreement that established Caldwell County.
b. On July 4, 1838, the cornerstones of the Far West Temple were laid. Sidney Rigdon declared that the Mormons would never back down. "It shall be between us and them a war of extermination, for we will follow them, till the last drop of their blood is spilled, or else they will have to exterminate us."
c. In August, fighting erupted on Election Day in Gallatin (Daviess County).
d. Sampson Avard founded the Danite band, a secret society of revenge.
e. Militia were dispatched to keep the peace. Rumors blew problems out of proportion. Both sides resorted to raids and thievery.
f. As the situation in Daviess County eased, militia members surrounded DeWitt and forced the town's surrender.
g. Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Hyde opposed Mormon raids. After Marsh was forced at gunpoint to participate, they left Far West and signed affidavits condemning Joseph Smith.
h. Mormon and Missouri militias chanced to meet on Crooked River in Ray County. In the battle, David W. Patten
i. Rumors that the Missouri detachment was massacred prompted Gov. Boggs to issue the Extermination Order.
j. The Massacre at Haun's Mill occurred.
k. Far West was surrounded by a large militia. Joseph Smith and others surrendered and bloodshed was averted.
Conflict in Nauvoo
1. Financial Problems
a. Land payments were not met.
2. Missouri Problems
b. Many declared bankruptcy.
c. Joseph Smith encouraged development in the flats. This angered some members who had invested in land on the bluffs.
a. In 1842, Lilburn Boggs was shot. Gov. Carlin signed extradition papers on Joseph Smith.
3. Political Conflicts
b. Joseph went into hiding, but later agreed to a hearing in Springfield, where he was freed.
c. In 1843, Gov. Ford signed extradition papers on charges of treason.
d. Joseph Smith was arrested, but the officers were forced into Nauvoo where the courts released him. This angered people in nearby towns.
a. Political affiliation was at an all time high.
4. Other Issues
b. Mormons voted as a block and went back and forth on their support of Whigs and Democrats. This angered many people and the highly political newspapers of Warsaw and
Carthage bitterly denounced the Mormons.
c. Joseph Smith announced his candidacy for the 1844 presidential election.
a. John C. Bennett wrote a book and virulent articles against Joseph Smith.
b. Others left the church over polygamy and financial issues and actively
opposed Joseph Smith.
c. Surrounding people feared the Nauvoo Legion and Joseph's seemingly unlimited power over the Mormons.
d. Rumors of polygamy spread and great opposition ensued.
e. Joseph's teachings about the nature of God were considered heretical.
f. Rapid growth and influx of immigrants concerned the surrounding towns.
- Church disciplinary councils need to be sure that both the member and the
church are fairly represented.
History and Facts
- The Twelve are instructed to depart from the Temple Site in April, 1839 to
go across the seas on a mission.
-The Church's name was given by revelation.
Don't go into debt for the temple in Far West.
-121-123: Joseph's letter to the Saints from the Liberty Jail (1839).
The righteous can suffer and even doubt.
- The Lord brings peace in our afflictions.
- Those who opposed the Prophet are warned.
- Many are called, but few are chosen.
- The rights of the priesthood are inseparably connected with powers of heaven.
- No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of the priesthood.
History and Facts
- The Saints are called on to petition for redress.
-124 and 128: Baptisms for the dead
The Lord gave a commandment to build the Nauvoo Temple (sect. 124)
Baptisms for the dead would be performed in a font built below the ground level,
symbolic of baptism being a type of death and resurrection.
History and Facts
- A proclamation is to be sent to the rulers of the earth. (Written by Wilford Woodruff in 1845.)
- Instructions for building the Nauvoo House are given.
- Commandments can be revoked when men frustrate their fulfillment.
- 129: Discerning Spirits
- 130: Various instructions (1843)
Know the three classes of messengers how to discern them.
- That same sociality which exists among us here will exist among us there, only it will be coupled with eternal glory.
- There are no angels who minister to this earth but those who do belong or have belonged to it.
- This earth, in its sanctified and immortal state, will be made like unto crystal and will be a Urim and Thummim.
- Whatever principle of intelligence we attain unto in this life, it will rise with us in the resurrection.
- If thou livest until thou art eighty-five years old, thou shalt see the face of the Son of Man.
- When we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated.
- The Father has a body of flesh and bones as tangible as manís; the Son also; but the Holy Ghost has not a body of flesh and bones.
- 131: Three heavens
- 132: Celestial marriage (1843)
- Manitfesto: Ended polygamy (1890)
- Celestial marriage necessary to obtain exaltation.
- The Holy Spirit of Promise is the Holy Ghost acting as the representative of the
Lord to accept an ordinance in "heaven."
Calling and election made sure or the more sure word of prophecy means that
because of a person's faithfulness, they are sealed up to eternal life.
History and Facts
Section 132 may have been received as early as 1831.
Section 132 was first published when polygamy was publicly announced in 1852.
- Joseph Smith married about 30 woman, 10 were married to other men.
- Most plural wives continued to live in their own homes.
- Prosepective wives were promised eternal blessings for themselves and their families.
- The purpose for living the law was primarily that the Lord commanded it.
- Sealing brought about ties between families and polygamy brought together a large extended family.
- Many were shocked by the doctrine at first, but received strong spiritual confirmation of it.
- The Law of Sarah: the first wife should approve of her husband taking additional wives; however, if she is taught the doctrine and refuses to accept, she must bear the consequences, and her wishes can be ignored.
- The Manifesto was given after all legal recourses to maintain polygamy had failed.
- 134: Article on Governments (1835)
- Governments are institued by God for the benefit of man.
- All Saints should support governemnts that preserve their fundamental rights.
- Govenrments should not establish religious requirements.
- Governments should protect freedom of worship as long as that doesn't infringe on the rights of others.
- 135: The martyrdom (1844)
- Joseph Smith, the Prophet and Seer of the Lord, has done more, save Jesus only, for the salvation of men in this world, than any other man that ever lived in it.
History and Facts
- see history outline above.
- 136: Preparing to move west (1847)
- The Saints must provide for the poor, the fatherless, the widows, and all who need help.
- It was necessary for the Prophet to die.
- If thou art merry, praise the Lord with singing, with music, with dancing...
History and Facts
- The Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846 and established temporary settlements in Iowa.