Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602
CURRENT RESEARCH: orcid.org/0000-0001-6163-518X
1977 Ph.D., Physics and Physical Chemistry, Princeton University (First combined degree granted between the Departments of Physics and Chemistry in 15 years.) Dissertation: Accurate Eigenvalue Expressions for Central Power Law Potentials with Applications to Nuclear States.
1973 M.S., Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
1971 B.S., Chemistry (ACS Certificate), Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah (Magna cum laude, also with highest honors from the Honors Program.)
EMPLOYMENT HISTORY (since graduate school)
1993 to present Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University
1987-1993 Associate Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, BYU
1980- 1987 Research Scientist & Group Leader, Energy Conversion Devices, Inc. Troy, Michigan
1980 Research Assistant Professor, Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson
1977-79 Research Associate (Solar Energy) Optical Sciences Center, The University of Arizona
1977 National Science Foundation Energy Related Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Appleton/White Solid State group, Ion Beams)
STUDENT THESIS AND DISSERTATIONS: for complete list see below.
Dissertations (Ph.D.) 3 (Allred advisor); Masters 13; Senior and Honors
Graduate committees since 2010
Current: 2017 (internal) Mentoring
Environment Grant "Metal CNT-M, New Materials for
Microfabrication". 20K$ 2016 renewed for 2017 (College funded) to RR Vanfleet. I
(external) ALS-08378 "Measurement of Refractive Indices of Materials for Broadband mirrors-UVOIR Space-Based Observatories" Beamtime at the Advanced Light Source ~5-8 shifts/ year August 2016- July 2018
"Exploring a-Si as a protective barrier layers on Broad-band aluminum front-surface mirrorsWAESO (ASU)
2015-16 NASA Rocky MT Space Grant Consortium National College and Fellowship Program: $15,043: Critical First Steps towards Allowing Aluminum's Far UV reflectance to shine forth in the Broadband VUV for Space-based Instruments ;
Environment Grant "Metal CNT-M, New Materials for
Microfabrication". 20K$ 2014 renewed for 2015 (College funded) with RR Vanfleet.
(external) ALS-06780 "Measurement of the Refractive Indices & Scattering from Oxides which can Hydrolyze & Roughen," Beamtime at the Advanced Light Source ~5-8 shifts/ year August 2014- July 2016
"Use of Evolutionary Algorithm to Optimize Reflectance of anWAESO (ASU
2014-15 NASA Rocky MT Space Grant Consortium Infrastructure Grant $22,000: Building a Cadre of Students Competent in Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry.
Previous: Principle investigator for over 20 projects in the areas of EUV mirrors for space application and minority student education using undergraduate research and peer study groups See below.
RESEARCH PRESENTATIONS: Allred and students (See more complete list below)
CLASSES TAUGHT/ COURSES DEVELOPED
All classes in BYU's introductory calculus-based physics series: Namely, mechanics (Physics 121), Electricity and magnetism class (Physics 220), Physics 123, optics, heat, matter, relativity. Physics 222: Modern Physics
General education physical science (PS 100)
Four graduate physics classes developed:
513R- Nanostructures, surfaces and interfaces-taught twice with William Evenson
585- Thin film physics- taught 11 times
711R: Optical processes of semiconductors.
671- X-ray optics- taught five times
History and Philosophy of Science
In the University Honors Program: 201H, 202H and 241H. This is a team taught, two- semester, nine-credit hour, combination history of civilization/science colloquium class.
OTHER PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCES
Visiting Scientist at CINVESTAV in Mexico (The Centro de investigacion y estudios avanzados del instituto politechnico nacional is the center for advanced scientific and engineering studies for Mexico's second largest university, the national polytechnic institute). The granted was partially funded by CONACYT which is Mexico's version of the National Science Foundation. I was in Mexico in the later half of 1993. Sabbatical work focused on porous silicon and the nontraditional ways to cook tortillas.
Attend six NSF Chautauqua courses for Teachers (see below).
PROFESSIONAL CITIZENSHIP AND INVOLVEMENT
Topical editor for Optical Engineering, 2005-present
Associate editor for the Journal of X ray Science and Technology. 1997-
I referee approximately ten papers for publication each year for J. of Vac. Sci. and Technology, Applied Optics, J. of Applied Physics, J of X-ray Sci. and Technology, Optics Letters and others. I serve on the board of directors of WAESO/Mountain States Alliance of the NSF sponsored WAESO.
I review over 10 faculty-directed undergraduate research proposals each year for WAESO.
MEMBERSHIP IN PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES
Materials Research Society; American Vacuum Society; SPIE`s soft x-ray working group. And occasionally: UT-ID section of the AAPT (American Association of Physics Teachers); American Physical Society; International Thermoelectric Society; and Phi Kappa Phi
Co-founder of the International Thermoelectric Society
He has been on the boards of directors of two technology companies. Moxtek from 1987 to 1993 and Usertrust (internet privacy, identity and security) from 1999 to the present.
Has served on the board of directors of WAESO/Mountain States Alliance of the NSF sponsored WAESO. Review about 12 faculty directed undergraduate research proposals each year for WAESO.
Alcuin Award 1997-2000. This is a three award to an outstanding teacher of general or honors education; Serendipity Award from the Y-Weekend Committee.
Predoctoral: NSF Post-doctoral Energy-Related Fellowship; Woodrow Wilson Fellowship; Eastman Kodak Scientific Award, NSF Pre-doctoral Fellowship, Kennecott Scholarship; Danforth Foundation Fellowship honorable mention, Marathon Oil Company Cash Award and Four Year Scholarship; National Honor Society Honorary Scholarship
LANGUAGES English, Spanish, German, and Cakchiquel. (Google it.)
Twenty (20) issued USA Patents, including Nos. 4,419,533, 4,435,445, 4,504,518, 4,517,223, 4,582,164, 4,594,973, 4,615,905, 5,226,067, 5,458,084 and 5,485,499; Similar patents were granted in other countries. These are in the areas of x-ray windows, plasma assisted and photo assisted CVD, amorphous materials, thin films, thermoelectrics, barrier layers and contacts, magnetic materials, hard materials and optical materials.
Recent US patents: 5,226,067, 
5,458,084- "X-ray Wave diffraction optics constructed by atomic layer epitaxy." .
5,485,499- "High throughput Reflectivity and resolution x-ray dispersive and reflective structures for the 100 eV to 5000 eV energy range and method of making the devices," .
Most recent Canadian patent is: 1,333,426. "X-ray Wave diffraction optics constructed by atomic layer epitaxy."
SUMMARY OF PUBLICATIONS
Approximately 100 publications including a review article.
Numerous invited talks and conference presentations.
Seven conference sections organized and chaired.
Co-organizer of two conferences.
Four short courses given.
Books: Coeditor of two conference proceedings: one on CVD, the other on thermoelectricity.
PROCEEDINGS EDITED FOR PUBLICATION
Modern Perspectives On Thermoelectrics and Related Materials, David D. Allred, Cronin B. Vining, and Glen A. Slack, Editors (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA 1991), a volume in the Material Research Society symposium proceedings: ISBN 0272-9172; Vol. 234. I oversaw the reviewing, editing and preparing for publishing selected papers from the symposium held in Anaheim, CA, May 1-2, 1991.
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition--1987, Proceedings Vol. 87-8, G. W. Cullen and J. M. Blocher, Jr., Editors, Part VIII: CVD for Energy Related Applications, David D. Allred, Subject Editor (The Electrochemical Society, Inc., Pennington, NJ, 1987).
PUBLICATION LIST Undergraduate student authors are underlined. Graduate students with *. Reviewing noted in italics. peer
Elisabeth Strein, David D. Allred, "Eliminating adventitious carbon contamination on SiO2 using a UV excimer lamp," Annual Technical Conference Proceedings, (Society of Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM, 2008) 51, 448-452 (2008) rtf preprint. Conference reviewed.
G. Acosta*, R. Vanfleet, D. Allred, and R. S. Turley, "Investigating Subsurface Interfaces of Thin Film Coatings Using Annular Dark Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy," Annual Technical Conference Proceedings, (Society of Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM, 2008) 51, 443-447 (2008) pdf preprint. Conference reviewed.
Johnathan Goodsell, Stephanie A. Getty, Jon Brame, and David D. Allred, "Thin-film iron-catalyzed "beads on a string" carbon nanotubes," The Journal of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters-2007, 84, 130-140. Received 2007 Best Paper Award in Physical Sciences Section. (see journal p. iv) Preprint. peer
David D. Allred, "Bounds And Conditions, A Kolob In Our Solar System?" Sunstone, March 2007, pp. 58.61. Final version
Jon Brame, Stephanie Getty, Johnathan Goodsell, and David Dean Allred, "Strain-based Electrical Properties of Systems of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Parylene," in Nanowires and Carbon Nanotubes — Science and Applications, edited by P. Bandaru, M. Endo, I.A. Kinloch, A.M. Rao (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 963E, Warrendale, PA, 2007), paper # 0893-JJ05-09 @ . (Electronic papers only - No book published) preprint: word. pdf. peer
2006 and before.
Links to other publications of BYU XUV group
Student Thesis and Dissertations. (DOS copies are available on some from email@example.com)
Dissertations (Ph.D.) * signifies Allred was co advisor. Name may not be on thesis.
Name Date Title
Guillermo Acosta Dec. 2007 Scandium Oxide Thin Films and their Optical Properties in the Extreme Ultraviolet pdf.
Douglas P. Hansen* Aug. 1997 Fabrication, Measurement, and Analysis of Multilayer X-ray Diffraction Gratings
Ping Hu* Sept. 1994 Theoretical Study on Domain Structure and Domain Walls in Phase Transition of LaAgxIn1-x
Kevin Shurtleff* June 1994 Atomic Layer Epitaxy for the Production of Multilayer X-ray Mirrors (Dep't. of Chemistry)
Ming Cai Dec. 1993 The Raman Characterization of Silicon-Containing, Soft X-ray Multilayers
Fang Yuan Nov. 1991 Characterization of Boron Films Prepared by Chemical Vapor Deposition and their Applications in X-Ray Imaging
Qi Wang Dec. 1990 Raman Study of Amorphous Carbon
Nichole F. Brimhall July 2007 Extreme Ultraviolet Polarimetry with Laser-Generated High-Order Harmonics pdf (reader)
Jedediah Edward Jensen Johnson Dec. 2006 Computationally Modeling the Effects of Surface Roughness on Soft X-Ray Multilayer Reflectors, (Allred reader)
Srinivasan Kannan*, July 2005 PECVD Growth Of Six:Ge1-x Films For High Speed Devices And MEMS, At the Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, P. Craig Taylor, advisor (Allred reader)
Guillermo A. Acosta Aug 2004 Developing a Technique for Measuring Thickness of Thin Films from 5 to 15 Nanometers, Using Atomic Force Microscopy
Shannon Lunt* Aug. 2002 Determining the Indices of Refraction of Reactively Sputtered Uranium Dioxide Thin Films From 46 to 584 Angstroms
Matthew Squires Aug. 2001 The Measurement (58.4-164.0 nm) and Analysis (40.0-600.0 nm) of the Atomic Scattering Factors of Diamond and Graphite
David P. Balogh* April 2001 Student Attitudes and Performance in an Online General Education Physical Science Course
David T. Oliphant* Dec. 2000 Characterization of Uranium, Uranium Oxide and Silicon Multilayer Thin Films
Sterling W. Cornaby* June 2000 Using a Charged-Coupling Device (CCD) to Gather X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Information Simultaneously
David Rich Miller* April 1998 A Simulation of Synthetic Aperture Stellar Interferometry Using Post Acquisition Time Correlation
Pavel Brovkin April 1998 The Physics of Low-Capacitance JFETs
Bryan Royce Olsen* Dec. 1996 High Voltage Pulse Generator For A Capillary Discharge X-ray Laser
Cheryl Barnett Davis Dec. 1991 Deep-Level Photoluminescence of ZnxCd1-xTe
Honors Theses (dos copies are available on some from firstname.lastname@example.org)
Richard Hansen June 2012 Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Carbon-Nanotube-Templated Metallic Microstructures
Nichol Farnsworth* March 2005 Thorium-based Mirrors in the Extreme Ultraviolet
Steven L. Tait, Jr.* June 2000 A Comparative Study of Various Display Formats of Speech Frequency Spectra to Aid Lip Readers
Shannon Lunt* March 1999 The Use of Genetic Algorithms in Multilayer Mirror Optimization
Adam Fennimore Feb. 1998 Morphology and Oxidation of U/AI and UN/Al Multilayer Mirrors
Senior Theses are also available at BYU Physics & Astronomy Website by year.
Brandon McKeon April 2015 Preparation of SiO2 layers by oxidizing silane with N2O
Jason Kyle Anderson April 2014 Developing Atomic Layer Deposition Techniques of Tungsten on Carbon Nanotube Microstructures
Collin Brown April 2014 Infiltration of CNT forests by Atomic Layer Deposition for MEMS Applications
James Schwab April 2013 Investigations of the Causes of Expansion for Yttrium Oxide Films; (Capstone)
Jordan Bell Jan. 2013 Thickness Uniformity Of Uranium Oxide Films Sputtered While Undergoing Planetary Motion
Richard Hansen July 2012 Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Carbon-Nanotube-Templated Metallic Microstructures
Michael Rasmussen April 2008 Vacuum Ultraviolet Photo-oxidation of Carbon Nanotubes
Elise Martin April 2007 Surface Roughness Correction to Extreme Ultraviolet Thin Film Reflectance Measurements (Allred reader)
Raymond Rios* Aug. 15, 2003 Developing a Polarimeter to Determine the Optical Constants of Materials in the XUV
Cort Johnson April 2001 Developing an Improved Extreme Ultraviolet Filter
Gregory Thompson June 1996 Reactive Gas Sputtering of Lithium Compound Thin Films
Senior Capstone Projects
James Schwab April 2013 Investigations of the Causes of Expansion for Yttrium Oxide Films;
Robert Gillis April 2007 Determining the Extreme Ultraviolet Constants of Thoria by Spectral Ellipsometry.
Yenny N. Martinez May 2002 Studying the Optical Properties of the NPD Mirrors. BYU dept version
GRANTS: COMPLETE LIST LAST 1999-2007
"Evaluation and removal of peelcoat layers." Stewart Observatory, May-Sept. 05 (R0802009)
"NIST Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program," (Cooperative Agreement #70NANB5H1074) May-Sept. 05. Student Jacque Jackson to NIST
"Computer Support for Doctoral Research: Guillermo Acosta," Subaward # KMD5273-1-1/SUB; Prime # HRDO114712; Minority Graduate Education at Mountain State Alliance ASU; Jan. 20, 2005-Jan. 19, 2006.
"Thin film Si-Ge allys," Lockheed-Martin, July -Dec. 2004
The most recent WAESO are:
"Mirror for the ESA Venus Express Spacecraft," #S2004UR0081, WAESO, 2004
"Oxidation rates of very thin copper films," #S03UR002 WAESO, 2003.
"Determining the optical properties of materials for making EUV multilayer reflectors," Project #S02UR014, 2002.
"A polarimeter for determining the optical properties of materials for making EUV multilayer reflectors," # V02UR017, summer 2002
Principle investigator for a two-year project to prepare a set of three EUV mirrors for the IMAGE mission which was launch March 25, 2000. MARATHON
PRESENTATIONS OF THE EUV GROUP (reverse chronological order) 2002- PRESENT (partial list)
30th Annual Student Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, Sat. March 19, 2016 Provo, UT. presentations by students of Allred, R. Steven and Richard R. Vanfleet.
Colloquium for the Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Metallurgy, Univ. of Utah Wed. Oct, 28, 2015, "Development of Broadband Reflective Coatings in Preparation for LUVOIR Space Observatories." ppt
American Vacuum Society, 62nd Annual International Symposium, October 18-23, 2015, San Jose, CA abstracts
Departmental Colloquium, Dec. 2012
Annual Meeting of the Four Corners Section of the APS, October 26�27, 2012; NM Highlands, Socorro, New Mexico abs Jordan Bell, B5.00007 Optical Constants of Uranium Oxide Thin Films, 1.25 to 6 eV, ppt.
39th International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings And Thin Films, San Diego, CA, Apr. 23-27. 2012, Richard Hansen, et al, "Carbon-Nanotube-Templated Metallic Microstructures for MEMS: Preparation and Characterization," abs
104th Annual Meeting of the Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Utah State University, Logan. UT, April 13, 2012, Students: James Schwab, "The Anomalous Growth of Yttria Films in Controlled Atmospheres,"
26th Annual Student Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, Sat. March 17, 2012, Provo, UT. 3 presentations by students of Allred & R. Steven Turley: (two won outstanding papers in their sessions.)
Colloquium for the Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Metallurgy, Univ. of Utah Oct, 5, 2011, "EUV Optics and the Incredibly Expanding Film." ppt as pdf
Technologies for Future Micro-Nano Manufacturing, August 8 - 10, 2011, Silverado Resort & Spa, Napa, CA USA, "Carbon Nanotube Templated Microfabrication of High-Aspect-Ratio Metal Structures," David McKenna, Richard Hansen, Brian D. Jensen, Richard R. Vanfleet, Robert C. Davis, and David D. Allred.
Colloquium for Honors. University Rover Challenge, BYU Thursday 10 Feb. 2011 ppt
Colloquium for Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Jan. 13. 2011, Provo UT,Applications of carbon nanotubes, David D. Allred
American Vacuum Society, 57th Annual International Symposium, October 17-22, 2010, Albuquerque NM, abstracts
13th International Conference of the Mars Society, Friday Aug.5-8, 2010, Dayton OH
Hilton Head Workshop 2010: 12th Solid-State
Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop, Sponsored by the
Transducer Research Foundation, Inc, Hilton-Head Crowne Plaza Resort 130 Shipyard Drive Hilton Head Island, SC, June 6-10, 2010. abs Open poster
16th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, UT, May 10, 2010; Adam Konneker for Nicholas Morrill
2010 Annual Meeting of the Idaho-Utah Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers. & Saturday April 30, 2010 at Idaho State University in Pocatello, ID David Allred. ABS ppt
24th Annual Spring Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, Sat. March 20, 2010, Provo, UT. 4 presentations by students of Allred & R. Steven Turley: (two won outstanding papers in their sessions.)
15th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, UT, May, 4, 2009; Joseph Muhlestein, "The Index of Refraction of Y2O3 in the Extreme Ultraviolet"
101st Annual Meeting of the Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, BYU, Provo April 10, 2009, Student: Jon Brame, "Selective Growth of Silicon Nanowires for Transistor Devices" (also Nathan Woods(BYU) and Dr. S. A. Getty (NASA GSFC)
2009 Annual Meeting of the Idaho-Utah Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers. March 27 & Saturday March 28, 2009 at Brigham Young University in Provo, UT David Allred. ABS ppt
o won outstanding papers in their sessions)
Microstructured Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube
Composites, at GSFC, Greenbelt MD, Thursday, December 18, 2008,
at 11:00am in Building 30 conference room (183) Prof. David Allred,
Talk was based on talk of Robert C. Davis, BYU
Annual Meeting of the Four-Corners Section of the American Physical Society October 17-18, 2008,12th, at the University of Texas El Paso, TX, program, Group talks ms doc version
Posters for Homecoming: October 10, 2008, Jon Brame Thomas McConkie
International Conference of the Mars Society, Friday Aug. 14-17, 2008, Boulder Co
Microscopy & Microanalysis 2008 NM Aug. 3-7 2008, Use of a commercial RF Plasma Cleaner in eliminating adventitious carbon contamination in an XPS system, Elisabeth Strein. abs poster.
14th ICSFS 2008 Conference > 29 June-04 July, Dublin, Ireland > www.icsfs.ie, Preparation, Storage, Characterization and Use of Bilayer Reflectance Standards for VUV and EUV Optics, abs ppt.
14th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, UT, May, 5, 2008
35th International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings & Thin Films, April 28-May 2, 2008, San Diego, CA program titles
51st SVC Annual Technical Conference April 19-24, 2008, Hyatt Regency Chicago, Chicago IL. www.svc.org, 2 presentations, G. A. Acosta and E. Strein. Both in Proceedings.
2008 Material Research Society Spring Meeting, March 24 - 28, 2008, Moscone West and San Francisco Marriott, Vacuum Ultraviolet Photo-oxidation of Carbon Nanotubes M. R. Rasmussen, D. D. Allred Wednesday Poster Abs
2008 Annual Meeting of the Idaho-Utah Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers. March 28 & Saturday March 29, 2008 at Boise State University in Nampa, ID Cluster Ballooning Exam Questions, David Allred. ABS ppt
100th Annual Meeting of the Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, U of Utah, SLC, March 21, 2008, Students: ABS Program
22nd Annual Spring Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, Sat. March 15, 2008, Provo, UT. 4 presentations by students of Allred & R. Steven Turley: (two won outstanding papers in their sessions)
2007 Material Research Society Fall Meeting, November 26 - 30, Boston, MA Hynes Convention Center, Symposium II: Nanotubes and Related Nanostructures, SESSION II15: Poster Session: Physical Properties and Devices, Wednesday Evening, November 28, 2007 abstracts, PPT.
Homecoming Posters: Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Magnetometer for Planetary Exploration, John Brame
Physics 191: Sept. 12, 2007 Space Instruments
Optical Interference Coatings: Topical Meeting and Tabletop Exhibit June 3-8, 2007 Loews Ventana Canyon Resort and Spa Tucson, Arizona; Reflecting at 30.4 and Antireflecting at 58.4 nm, David D. Allred and R. Steven Turley abs. pdf
13th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, UT, May, 7, 2007
99th Annual Meeting of the Utah
Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, SUU Cedar City, Utah
April 13, 2007, students: Johnathan Goodsell, Bryan Hicks (for
Jon Brame), Elise Martin and Sarah Barton.
Annual Meeting of the Idaho-Utah Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers. March 23 & Saturday March 24, 2007 at Utah State University in Logan, Utah, How BYU Students Did on the 2006 Physics GRE, David Allred abs
45th AAS Robert H. Goddard Memorial Symposium: March 20-21,2007, The Inn and Conference Center by Marriott in Adelphi, Maryland. Poster. Strain-based Electrical Properties of Systems of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Parylene. Jon A. Brame, Johnathan Goodsell, Stephanie A. Getty and David Dean Allred;
NASA Headquarters ESMD (Exploration Systems Mission Directorate), Washington, DC, March 19, 2007 Lunch talk. On the Goddard-BYU Collaboration to Prepare Nanocompasses Based on SWCNT. Stephanie A. Getty, Jon Brame and David D. Allred.
21st Annual Spring Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, Sat. March 17, 2007, Provo, UT. 4 presentations by students of Allred & R. Steven Turley: (Brame, Jon; Grigg, Amy; Martin, Elise; and Barton, Sarah )
American Physical Society, Denver Co Tues March 6, 2007 H23.00014 Scandium Oxide Thin Films and Their Optical Properties in the EUV, Guillermo Acosta, David Allred, Steve Turley and Richard Vanfleet
Colloquium at UVSC, Orem UT 21 Feb. 2007.Optical Constants of Sputtered Thoria Thin Films Useful in EUV Optics from IR to EUV, David Allred
2006 Material Research Society Fall Meeting, November 27 - December 1, Boston, MA Hynes Convention Center. Symposium Q: Nanowires and Carbon Nanotubes -- Science and Applications, SESSION Q20: Poster Session: Thermal, Optical and Mechanical Properties and Applications: Biological Interactions, Thursday Evening, November 30, 2006.
Q20.18 Strain-based Electrical Properties of Systems of Carbon Nanotubes Embedded in Parylene. Jon A. Brame, Johnathan Goodsell, Stephanie A. Getty and David Dean Allred; (Getty is a staff scientist at the Materials Engineering Branch, Code 541, NASA -- Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.) abs, end of summer presentation
Q20.61 A Single-walled Carbon Nanotube-based Nanocompass for High Spatial Resolution Magnetometry. Stephanie A Getty, Jonathon A Brame, Johnathan E Goodsell, Melissa A Harrison, Gunther Kletetschka and David D Allred.
America Vacuum Society 53rd Annual Meeting on November 13, 2006, Convention Center, SF, CA, Session Title: Surface Science Poster Session,
What is the Band Gap of Thoria?, W. R. Evans, S. C. Barton, D. D. Allred, and T. E. Tiwald, Abstract Number: 1181, Program Number: SS-ThP4 ( Thursday November 16, 2006, 5:30 PM)
BYU Astronomical Society, Planetarium Show. Oct. 13, 2006, Mars
Annual Meeting of the Four-Corners Section of the American Physical Society October 6-7, 2006 [Meeting ID: 4CF06] Utah State University, Logan, UThttp://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/4CF06/Event/55727
Surface Contamination and Oxidation on Thin Films, poster presented by Liz Strein and Amy Grigg
America Vacuum Society Rocky Mt. Section on Sept. 21, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 2006,
Surface Contamination and Oxidation on Thin Films, poster Liz Strein and Amy Grigg
51st Annual Meeting, SPIE, Aug. 14-16, San Diego, CA.Advances In X-Ray/EUV Optics, Components, And Applications SESSION 7-8, Conv. Ctr. Room 17B Wed. Optical Constants and Measurement Technique,
9:00 am: Using reflection from coated diodes to help determine optical constants, D. D. Allred, G. Acosta, N. F. Brimhall, J. Johnson, D. Muhlestein, R. S. Turley, Brigham Young Univ. [6317-33]
9:20 am: Construction of an extreme ultraviolet polarimeter based on high-order harmonic generation, N. F. Brimhall, A. Baker, R. S. Turley, J. Peatross, Brigham Young Univ. [6317-34]
10:30 am: Thorium-based mirrors in the extreme ultraviolet, N. F. Brimhall, E. Martin, R. S. Turley, Brigham Young Univ. [6317-36]
10:50 am: Using spectroscopic ellipsometry (1.2 to 6.5 eV), AFM, and XRD to understand bias sputtered Thoria thin films, W. R. Evans, S. C. Barton, M. Clemens, D. D. Allred, Brigham Young Univ. [6317-37]
9th International Conference of the Mars Society, Friday Aug. 3-6, 2006, Washington, DC
Intermediate Martian Atmospheric Study and Demonstration, Donovan Chipman, Andrew Ning, and David Allred, abs.
The 9th International Conference on Space Operations hosted by the Italian Space Agency (ASI), 19-23 June 2006 in Rome, Italy, Session 68- ME-25, Intermediate Martian Atmospheric Demonstrator, Donovan Chipman, Abs. PPT
12th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, UT, May, 8, 2006
International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings & Thin Films, May 1-5, 2006, San Diego, CA
Determining Optical Constants for ThO2 Thin Films Sputtered Under Different Bias Voltages from 1.2 To 6.5 eV by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, William R. Evans and David D. Allred. ppt
49th SVC Technical Conference, April 24-28, 2006 in Washington DC
Simultaneous Reflection and Transmission Measurements of Scandium Oxide Thin Films in the Extreme Ultraviolet, G. Acosta, D. Allred, S. Turley, and N. Farnsworth. 9:10 a.m. Opt. Films, Tuesday apt. 27 @ 9:10
Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, April 7, 2006, Ephraim, UT; Physical Sciences Division of the 2006 Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters Meeting at Snow College,
Optical Constants for ThO2 Thin Films from 1.2 to 6.5eV by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, William R. Evans and David D. Allred.
Spectrally Tunable Light Source for Remote Ocean-Color Sensing, Jacque Jackson, Brigham Young University and Steven Brown, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD
Computationally Modeling the Effects of Surface Roughness on Extreme Ultraviolet MultilayerReflectors, Jedediah Johnson and R. Steven Turley,
Extending our Reach into the Extreme Ultraviolet Using a Grazing Incidence Monochromator, Sarah C. Barton ***
Colloquium for Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Feb. 9, 2005, Provo UT, Planetary Exploration Projects. David D. Allred.
2005 Material Research Society Fall Meeting, November 28 - December 2, Boston, MA Hynes Convention Center.
Uranium & Thorium for EUV and Soft X-ray Optics, Jed E. Johnson, David D. Allred, R. Steven Turley, William R. Evans, & R. L. Sandberg
Physics 191: EUV Astronomy & Venus Express
Fourth International Extreme Ultra Violet Lithography (EUVL) Symposium 07-09 November 2005 San Diego, California
EUV Photodiodes with Directly Deposited Uranium Filter, by Raj Korde et al., poster presented by Raj Korde (International Radiation Detectors, Inc.) see also http://www.sematech.org/meetings/announcements/7470.htm
America Vacuum Society 52nd Annual Meeting on November 3, 2005, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA
Thin Film Optical Constants in the EUV using Simultaneous Reflection and Transmission Measurements, D.D. Allred, G.A. Acosta, R.S. Turley, J.E. Johnson, K.R. Adamson, presented by G.A. Acosta Thursday, November 3, 2005, 11:40am, Room 306. abs.
Annual Meeting of the Four-Corners Section of the American Physical Society at University of Colorado, October 14-15, 2005, Boulder CO
Spectrally Tunable Light Source for Remote Ocean Color Sensing, Jacqualine Jackson 25 MB
X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy to Examine Molecular Composition, Amy Baker, Best presentation award.
8th International Conference of the Mars Society, Friday Aug. 11-14, 2005, Boulder, CO
Green thumbs for the red planet. Kyrstle Farnsworth, Nichole F. Brimhall, Jacque Jackson, and David D. Allred, Presented by Krystle
An Intermediate Environment for Mars Exploration, Andrew Ning. Manuscript for proceedings.
Summer Meeting of the AAPT, Salt Lake City, UT, August 6-10, 2005
Physical Characterization of EUV Mirrors Using the Pearson Correlation Coefficient, Nathaniel Powell, Steve Turley, David D Allred, and David Oliphant
Optical Constants for ThO2 Films Sputtered Under Different Bias Voltages, William Evans, David D Allred
Surface Roughness of Thorium Based Mirrors in the Extreme Ultraviolet, Marian D Harrison, Niki Farnsworth, and Steve Turley
11th Annual Rocky Mountain NASA Space Grant Consortium Fellowship Symposium, Salt Lake Community College, Salt Lake City, UT, May, 9, 2005
A New Technique for the Measurement of Thin Films in the Extreme Ultraviolet: Simultaneous Collection of Reflection and Transmission, Guillermo Acosta, David D. Allred
Advantages of a Grazing Incidence Monochromator in the Extreme Ultraviolet, Sarah Barton, Steven Turley (Poster Session)
Optical Properties of Reactivity Sputtered ThO2 Thin Films for EUV Applications, William Evans, David D. Allred, Steven Turley (Poster Session)
Green Thumbs for the Red Planet, Nicole Farnsworth, David D. Allred (Poster Session)
Model of Atomic Level Roughness, Marian Harrison, Steven Turley (Poster Session)
Physical Characteristic of X-Ray and EUV Mirrors using the Pearson Correlation Coefficient, Nathan Powell, Steven Turley (Poster Session)
48th SVC Technical Conference, April 24-48, 2005 in Denver, CO
A Technique for Measuring the Thin Film Thickness of Ultrathin Metallic Thin Films, 4-20 nm, using Atomic Force Microscopy, G. Acosta, Poster Session on April 25, 2005.
Experimental Determination of Scandium Thin Film Optical Constants from 10-1000 nm, G. Acosta, D.D. Allred
Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, April 15, 2005, Orem, UT
Characterizing Reactively Sputtered ThO2 Films for EUV Applications, William R. Evans, Amy Baker, and D.D. Allred; Christian Contreras-Campana (Mt. San Antonio College)-BYU REU 2004
Surface Roughness of Thorium and Thorium Oxide and its Effect on Optical Properties in the Extreme Ultraviolet, Nichole Farnsworth, R. Steven Turley; Christian Contreras-Campana (Mt. San Antonio College)-BYU REU 2004
Modeling Surface Roughness, Marian Harrison, R. Steven Turley
Determining the Optical Constants of Thorium Oxide Thin Films in the EUV from Reflection and Transmission Measurements, Jedediah Johnson, Guillermo Acosta, Elise Martin, David Muhlestein, Nichole Farnsworth, David D. Allred, R. Steven Turley
Cleaning Silicon Wafers with CO2 Snow Jet, Andrew Jacquier, William Evans, David D. Allred
Advantages of a Grazing Incidence Monochromator in the UV, Sarah Barton
Miller on Mars, Anne Potter, Sarah Barton, Tiffany Brown, Nichole Farnsworth, Amy Baker, Matt Christensen, David D. Allred, Gary Booth
Green Thumbs for the Red Planet, Jacque Jackson, Nichole Farnsworth, David D. Allred
Creation of "Intermediate Environments" and Other Aids in the Exploration of Mars, Krystle Farnsworth, S. Andrew Ning, Rob Gillis, Brian Riddle, David D. Allred
19th Annual Spring Research Conference of the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, BYU, March 19, 2005, Provo, UT. 13 presentations by students of Allred & R. Steven Turley:
Experimental determination of scandium thin film optical constants, from 10-1000 nm; Guillermo Acosta, David D. Allred,
Molecular Composition as Examined by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Amy Baker, R. Steven Turley. Presentation
Advantages of a Grazing Incidence Monochromator in the Ultra-Violet, Sarah Barton, R. Steven Turley. Presentation
Small Photons, Big Atoms, and Things that go "Bump" in the Dark: Or Ellipsometric Determination of Visible Wavelength Optical Constants for Thorium Dioxide Thin Films Deposited Under Different Bias Voltages, William R. Evans, David D. Allred. Presentation
Surface Roughness of Thorium and Thorium Oxide and its Effect on Optical Properties in the Extreme Ultraviolet Nicole Farnsworth, R. Steven Turley; Presentation
Model of Atomic Level Roughness, Marian Harrison, R. Steven Turley Presentation
Silicon Wafer Cleaning for EUV Reflectance measurements by cold, high-pressure CO2 jet, Andrew Jacquier, David D. Allred. Presentation
Thorium Dioxide Thin Films in the Extreme Ultraviolet, Elise Martin, & David Muhlestein, R. Steven Turley Presentation
Improved Extra Vehicular Activity by use of a Pressurized Martian Atmosphere, Andrew Ning, David D. Allred Presentation
Physical characterization of x-ray and EUV mirrors using the Pearson Correlation Coefficient,Nathaniel Powell, R. Steven Turley, David D. Allred, and David Oliphant. Presentation
Life, The Universe, and Everything, Friday, February 18, 2005, BYU
Mars Exploration, Habitat and other issues.
America Vacuum Society 51st Annual Meeting on November 17, 2004 in Anaheim, CA
Determining Physical and Chemical Properties of Sputtered Uranium and Thorium Thin Films Useful as Extreme Ultraviolet Reflectors, R.W.L. Larsen
7th International Conference of the Mars Society, Friday Aug. 20, 2004, Chicago, Ill,
Green thumbs for the red planet. Nichol Farnsworth, David D. Allred, Presented by Niki.on Friday
Astrobiology Science Conference 2004, March 28-April 1, 2004, NASA Ames Res. Center, Moffett Field, CA Determining Favorable Environments for Endolithic Growth from Physics Considerations, P. Douglas Archer, David D. Allred
Removing Surface Contaminants from Silicon Wafers to Facilitate EUV Optical Characterization, Jed E. Johnson, Ross Robinson, David D. Allred, Richard L. Sandberg, R. Steven Turley, Kristi Adamson, and Aaron Jackson,
Do uranium and thorium compounds have a role to play as coatings for 200-300 eV synchrotron optical elements, R. L. Sandberg, D. D. Allred, S. Lunt, J. E. Johnson, R. S. Turley, K. R. Adamson, Brigham Young Univ.
Colloquium for Department of Physics and Astronomy, Utah Valley State University, March 6, 2003, Orem UT. EUV and Soft X-ray Optics, Thin Films and Outer Space: What you can do for your local universe, David D. Allred,
Annual Spring Research Conference of the College of Physical and
Mathematical Sciences, BYU, March 16, 2002, Provo, UT
Monochromator Improvements and Focusing, Elke Jackson,
Obtaining soft x-ray constants across the 2p edge in Fe films by resonant magnetic scattering experiments of polarized soft X-rays, Fabian Walter
Oxidations Rates of Vanadium, Nick Webb
Building and Testing an XUV polarimeter, Raymond Rios
. David D. Allred, Material Session of the 5th International Conference on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, University of Texas at Arlington, March 14-16, 1984.
. David D. Allred, Panel Session on the Future of Thermoelectricity at the 6th International Conference on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, University of Texas at Arlington, March 12-14, 1986.
. David D. Allred, Session on CVD for Optics and Energy Related Applications, 10th
International Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition, Honolulu, Hawaii, October 19-23, 1987.
. David D. Allred, Panel Session on the Future of Thermoelectricity at the 7th International Conference on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, University of Texas at Arlington, March 17, 1988.
. I organized a symposium (Symposium V) for the 1991 Spring Meeting of the Materials Research Society, entitled Modern Perspectives on Thermoelectrics and Related Materials. At the meeting I chaired sessions on Silicon-Germanium Thermoelectrics (May 1) and appeared on Late news (May 1). The symposium which had about 35 presentations was held in Anaheim, CA, May 1-2, 1991. I oversaw the reviewing, editing and preparing of selected papers from the symposium for publishing as Modern Perspectives on Thermoelectrics and Related Materials, published September 1991.
. David D. Allred, Panel Session on the Future of Thermoelectricity at the Eleventh International Conference on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, Arlington, Texas, October 9, 1992.
. Larry Knight, James Thorne and I organized a conference on the future of soft x-ray science and technology entitled "Soft X-Rays in the 21st Century," held in Provo, Utah on February 10-13, 1993.
. Steve Turley and I organized the second conference on the future of soft x-ray science and technology entitled "Soft X-Rays in the 21st Century," held in Midway, Utah on January 8-11, 1997.
10. Session Organizer "Optical Constants," SPIE Conference 5538, Denver, Co, August 2-6, 2004
SHORT COURSES TAUGHT
. Section on Metallization at the Seminar on Metal-Organic and Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition for Semiconductor Applications, Deerfield Beach, FL, February 9-11, 1987.
. Section on Microwave Deposition at the Second Seminar on Metal-Organic and Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition for Semiconductor Applications, Deerfield Beach, FL, February 8-10, 1988.
. Generalidades sobre Crecimiento de Pel�culas Delgadas y Procesos de Ataque a Superficies, (An Overview of Thin Growth and Etching Processes) given at the IX Congreso de F�sica de Superficies e Interfaces, sponsored by the Sociedad Mexicana de Ciencia de Superficies y de Vacio, A.C., Zacateca, Mexico, August 22, 1989, 6-7 hours. The president of the society informed me that my contribution to the conference earned me "most valuable player" status. Both the short course and the plenary talk I gave were in Spanish.
. An Overview of Thermoelectricity, SCT-93 Short Course on Thermoelectrics Nov. 8, 1993, in conjunction with the 12th International Conference on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, Yokohama, Japan
. International Thermoelectric Society, Secretary-Treasurer, 1988-91. Member of the Board 1991-94.
In March 1988 I aided in the organization of the International Thermoelectric Society at the Seventh International Conference of Thermoelectric Energy Conversion by distributing to attendees a proposal and prospective charter for the organization. The proposal was accepted and I was elected the secretary-treasurer of the new society. During the following years Professor Allred worked to get a charter written and approved, a newsletter started, the regular organization of conferences every year instituted, and the election and rotation of officers begun.
These goals were achieved. The Society now has approximately 120 members; one issue of the newsletter has been distributed and another is in process. The newsletter is reproduced, addressed and distributed at BYU.
On International, Inc., CVD and Alternate Energy for various groups including Solar Energy Research Institute; Voltaix; a large glass company; Michigan Consolidated Gas; several x-ray optics companies; Galtech Semiconductor Materials, Inc.; MOXTEK; Curatech, Inc. Ford Motor Company
Occasional lecturer at high schools and elementary schools.
Scoutmaster 1987-91.Committee chairman: 1997-present
Cubmaster 1984-86 and 1991-93.
Various LDS Church responsibilities
List service to professional organizations:
Prof. Allred was coorganizer of the Tenth International Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition held October 1987. Specifically he organized the session on energy-related and optical application of chemical vapor deposition and gave an invited talk on this topic. At the invitation of the Sociedad Mexicana de Ciencia de Superficies y de Vacio, A.C. and the American Vacuum Society Dr. Allred gave a short course and a plenary invited talk at the IX Congreso Nacional de F�sica de Superficies e Interfaces (Aug. 21-25, 1989). The seven hour short course was entitled "Generalidades sobre el Crecimiento de Pel�culas Delgadas y de Procesos de Ataque a Superficies" ("Overview of Thin Film Growth and Etching Process"). The title of the plenary talk was "Structure of Amorphous Semiconductors in Ultrathin Films and Multilayers." Both presentations were given in Spanish.
At the Second Seminar on Metal-organic and Plasma Assisted CVD for Semiconductor Applications, Feb. 1988, David Allred gave an invited talk on the Use of Microwaves in the deposition of thin films.
Short Courses attended
The summer of 1997 I attended a Chautauqua on results of gender research for women succeeding in the natural science, engineering and mathematics. Many of the issues covered are also important for underrepresented minority students. In the summer of 1997 I was also named an Alcuin teaching fellow for excellence in teaching at BYU. The summer of 1998 I attended a Chautauqua on the C3P method of teaching Conceptual Physics.
I attended an NSF Chautauqua summer 1999 on retaining minority students in SEMT in Dayton, Ohio under the direction Prof. Craig Nelson of Indian University. We discussed a number of subtle ways students are pointed away from careers and advanced training in SEMT. I also attended the Chautauqua on Workshop Physics for Electricity and Magnetism in July 1999. I have served on the board of directors of MSA
David D. Allred, the project director, is a professor of Physics and Astronomy at BYU. I am an active participant in collaborative research between the USA and Mexico including spending a sabbatical year in Mexico in the fall of 1993 and being the plenary speaker at a Mexican national conference. I have had experience previously with the CIMD reviewing proposals and in 1991, had a student supported by CIMD who participated in ongoing undergraduate research and published a paper based on her research.
I have been active in research for 30 years. I spent seven years as the leader of a research group in an industrial lab. During the last thirteen years I have been a professor at BYU and had nine graduate students reporting directly to me. There are another five for whom I have had partial responsibility. Of these three have finished the PhD, four others have completed a master's degree. Of equal satisfaction and success has been interactions with undergraduate students in research. I have had 40 work closely with me; most of those who have graduated are now in graduate schools including Cornell, Caltech, MIT, Rice, the University of Colorado, the University of Wisconsin and the University of Utah. Four now are on the faculty of major universities. There are currently twelve students who I supervise or co-supervise.
Applied physics and material science. Specific emphasis on thin film preparation and characterization, specifically the CVD and sputter preparation of ultrathin films and multilayers for x-ray applications and their characterization via optical and electrical techniques especially including the use of Raman and photoluminescence. The specific materials studied include solid-state semiconductors, particularly amorphous semiconductors such as a-Si, a-C, a-B and a-Ge and compound telluride semiconductors such as ZnCdTe. I have been very active in supporting and forwarding undergraduate research. We were contracted in 1997 to prepare multilayer mirror surfaces for IMAGE satellite project.
Graduate students Six students have worked directly with me in completing their advanced degrees. Three Ph.D. and three MS. In addition two are working with me at the present. In addition, I have aided eight of Professor Larry Knight's students in finishing their work, one of Professor James Thorne's students in finishing his degree and one electrical engineering student.
Innovated the use of microwave plasma enhanced CVD as a high rate, feed stock efficient production method of materials including photoconductive grade a-Si:H.
This led to major ECD industrial activities including the first and only technologically useful process for a-Si alloy "xerographic drums." The derived ECD patents had a loan value of more than $20,000,000 in 1986.
Headed team which developed low cost, elevated temperature contact for tellurides. This made possible ECD's introduction of low cost, mass produced thermoelectric power generators.
Developed a low cost, high temperature stable, oxidation resistant IR reflector material to replace platinum---CVD ZrB2.
Devised thin film optical methods to maximize light trapping which increased the efficiency of amorphous silicon alloy solar cells by one-quarter. These include methods for making boosted mirror back reflectors and methods for achieving total internal reflection.
Invented a nonalloy method for controlling the crystallization temperature on amorphous semiconductors---This may be potentially important for optical recording.
Established a world record (based on ultra thin multilayers) for atomically abrupt interface in amorphous semiconductor multilayers.
Developed laser Raman techniques for probing the interfaces in periodic multilayer structures.
Group leader in the research of photovoltaic materials chemistry and photothermal materials.
Development projects in hard magnets, protective and colored coatings, magnetic disk coatings, fiber optics, and hybrid device.
Co-principal investigator for two DOE contracts totaling $250,000 annually. In charge of the preparation laboratory, aiding approximately ten graduate students and several visiting scientists in planning and preparation of thin layer selective absorber stacks for high-temperature photothermal conversion, with emphasis on amorphous silicon and refractory metals.